文章摘要
孙丽娟,张  芳,陈杰民,杨晓敏,康国栋,郑长英.韭菜迟眼蕈蚊成虫物理防治方法改进 及田间防治效果[J].广东农业科学,2019,46(3):107-112
韭菜迟眼蕈蚊成虫物理防治方法改进 及田间防治效果
Improvement of Physiological Control Methods of Adult Bradysia odoriphaga and Their Field Control Effects
  
DOI:10.16768/j.issn.1004-874X.2019.03.017
中文关键词: 韭菜迟眼蕈蚊  肥料  诱杀  杀虫剂  沼液
英文关键词: Bradysia odoriphaga  fertilizer  trapping  insecticides  biogas slurry
基金项目:山东省现代农业产业技术体系项目(SDAIT-05-13);山东省农业重大应用技术创新项目“优质安 全韭菜标准化生产技术研究与示范”(668-2216069)
作者单位
孙丽娟,张  芳,陈杰民,杨晓敏,康国栋,郑长英 青岛农业大学植物医学学院山东省病虫害防控重点实验室山东 青岛 266109 
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中文摘要:
      【目的】探讨韭菜重要害虫韭菜迟眼蕈蚊(Bradysia odoriphaga Yang et Zhang)的适宜防治方法。 【方法】采用选择性试验研究韭菜迟眼蕈蚊成虫对不同有机肥料的产卵趋性,并在此基础上研究添加动物粪肥 的糖醋酒液对韭菜迟眼蕈蚊成虫的诱杀作用,并以 40% 辛硫磷乳油、5% 氟啶脲乳油、黄板为参照,探讨腐熟 动物粪肥和糖醋酒液、黄板及沼液综合运用对韭菜迟眼蕈蚊的田间控制作用。【结果】牛粪、鸡粪、羊粪和蘑 菇渣对韭菜迟眼蕈蚊成虫产卵具有显著的引诱作用。在糖醋酒液中加入牛粪和鸡粪,能够增强对成虫的诱杀效 果。沼液 - 黄板处理与两种化学农药滴灌一样,对韭菜迟眼蕈蚊的速效性较好,药后 9 d 田间保株率显著高于 其他处理;糖醋酒液 - 牛粪、黄板、黄板 - 牛粪处理的控制作用在前期不明显,在处理后 36 d 效果逐渐明显, 处理后 63 d,效果均达到 66% 以上。沼液 - 牛粪处理对韭菜的保护作用在处理后 9 d、36 d 和 63 d 均与两种杀 虫剂滴灌相当。【结论】在糖醋酒液中加入动物有机肥,能够增强糖醋酒液对韭菜迟眼蕈蚊成虫的诱杀效果。 动物有机肥与糖醋液、黄板和沼液结合使用对韭菜迟眼蕈蚊成虫具有可观的防治效果,与推荐剂量的辛硫磷与 氟啶脲进行滴灌效果相当,值得在韭菜迟眼蕈蚊防治中推广。
英文摘要:
      【Objective】The objective was to explore suitable methods to control, Bradysia odoriphaga Yang et Zhang, a major pest that damage Chinese chives.【Methods】The oviposition taxis of adult B. odoriphaga to different organic fertilizer was studied by selective experiment and the trapping and killing effect of mixture of sugar-acetic acidethanol (MSAE) with fermented manures were studied based on selective experiment. 40% phoxim EC, 5% chlorfluazuron EC and yellow board were used as CK to explore the field control effects of the comprehensive application of decomposed animal manure, MSAE, yellow board and biogas slurry on B. odoriphaga Yang et Zhang. 【Results】Cow dung, chicken manure, sheep manure and mushroom residue had significant attraction to oviposition of adult B. odoriphaga Yang et Zhang. The application of MSAE with cow dung and chicken manure could enhance the trapping and killing effect on adults. The biogas slurry-yellow board treatment, like drip irrigation with two chemical pesticides, showed rapidly available effect on B. odoriphaga, and 9 days after the treatment, the plant protection rate was significantly higher than that of other treatments.The control effects of MSAE-cow dung, yellow board, and yellow board-cow dung treatment were unremarkable at the early stage, but gradually increased 36 days after treatment, and reached above 66% 63 days after treatment. The protective effect of biogas slurry-cow dung treatment on Chinese chives was was comparable to drip irrigation of two insecticides 9 d, 36 d and 63 d after treatment.【Conclusion】Adding in animal manure into MSAE could improve the trapping effect of MSAE on adult B. odoriphaga . The control effect of the combined application of animal manure, MSAE, yellow board and biogas slurry on adult B. odoriphaga was comparable to that of drip irrigation with recommend dosage of Phoxim and Fluridin, therefore, it was worth recommending in the control of B. odoriphaga.
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