文章摘要
陈风波,汪  峤,喻  雯,冯  宇,杨永富.广东省农户水稻生产成本收益及种粮意愿分析[J].广东农业科学,2019,46(3):144-153
广东省农户水稻生产成本收益及种粮意愿分析
Cost-benefit of Rice Production and Farmers’Willingness to Plant Rice in Guangdong Province
  
DOI:10.16768/j.issn.1004-874X.2019.03.022
中文关键词: 广东  水稻  农户  成本收益  种粮意愿
英文关键词: Guangdong  rice  farmers  cost-benefit  willingness to grow rice
基金项目:广东省现代农业产业体系专家项目(2018LM1099);国家社会科学基金(14BGL094)
作者单位
陈风波,汪  峤,喻  雯,冯  宇,杨永富 华南农业大学经济管理学院广东 广州 510642 
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中文摘要:
      【目的】了解广东省水稻生产户的投入产出水平、成本收益状况和农户种粮意愿。【方法】通过 田野调查获得微观农户数据,利用描述性统计结合定性分析分析农户生产情况和生产意愿。【结果】当前广东 省水稻生产面临严重的老龄化和副业化,土地规模小,细碎化严重;在考虑劳动力和土地成本前提下,农户水 稻生产普遍面临亏损;劳动力占水稻生产成本最大部分,插秧环节以及打晒环节用工较多;农户种植水稻主要 为满足家庭需求,对国家政策了解有限;随着年龄增加,农户退出水稻生产意愿明显。【结论】广东水稻生产 总体缺乏效率,农民对粮食生产缺乏积极性,通过土地流转和优质品种的推广形成规模化、专业化和优质稻的 种植者是广东水稻产业提质增效的重要手段。
英文摘要:
      【Objective】 The study was to understand the input-output and cost-benefit of rice production and farmers’ willingness to grow rice in Guangdong Province. 【Methods】 The microscopic farm household data was obtained through field survey and farmers’ production situation and production willingness were analyzed by using descriptive statistics and qualitative analysis.. 【Results】At present, rice production in Guangdong Province is facing severe aging and farmers’ engagement in non-agricultural sectors. The average farmland scale is small and fragmented. Under the premise of considering labor and land costs, farmers’ rice production is generally facing losses as labor accounts for the largest part of rice production costs and more labor force is needed in the transplanting and post-harvest process. The purpose of farmers’ rice production is mainly to meet the needs of the family and they have limited understanding of national grain support policies. With the increase of age, the farmers tend to withdraw from the rice production obviously. 【Conclusion】 Due to the low efficiency and profit of rice production in Guangdong, farmers have poor initiative in rice production. Land transfer and promotion of high-quality varieties are important measures to form large-scale, specialized and high-quality rice growers for the improvement of quality and efficiency of rice production in Guangdong.
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