文章摘要
赵  蕾,孙慧武,蒋宏斌.基于产业融合视角的新型渔业经营主体发展研究[J].广东农业科学,2019,46(3):162-172
基于产业融合视角的新型渔业经营主体发展研究
Research on the Development of New Fisheries Management Entities based on the Perspective of Industry Integration
  
DOI:10.16768/j.issn.1004-874X.2019.03.024
中文关键词: 产业融合  新型渔业经营主体  渔民专业合作社  家庭农场  组织载体
英文关键词: industry integration  new fishery management entities  fishermen professional cooperatives  family farms  organizational carriers
基金项目:中国水产科学研究院基本科研业务费项目(KTH11803130033)
作者单位
赵  蕾,孙慧武,蒋宏斌 中国水产科学研究院北京 100141 
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中文摘要:
      在国家实施乡村振兴战略的大背景下,推进渔业一二三产业融合是顺应渔业发展新形势的必然要求, 也是渔业转方式调结构实现转型升级的有效途径。新型经营主体是实现渔业产业融合的重要组织载体,已成为 促进渔业产业融合、提升渔业竞争力的重要力量。我国新型经营主体数量保持较快增长,2017 年,渔民专业合 作社增长率为 11.7%,渔业家庭农场增长率为 23.3%,且新型经营主体的产业融合特征更加凸显,辐射带动作用 也日趋增强,但总体数量占比仍然较小,区域差异发展较大。在阐述新型经营主体和渔业产业融合关系的基础上, 分析新型经营主体在推进产业融合过程中存在的主要问题,提出相应的对策建议,包括应完善产业融合中相关 主体利益联结机制,优化产业融合外部支撑环境,提升新型经营主体科技创新应用能力,充分发挥新型经营主 体带头作用,激发主体生机活力,推进渔业产业融合。
英文摘要:
      Under the background of the country’s implementation of rural revitalization strategy, promoting the integration of primary, secondary and tertiary industries in fishery industry is an inevitable requirement to comply with the new situation of fishery development, and is also an effective way to adjust the structure of fisheries and realize the transformation and upgrading. The new management entities are important organizational carriers to realize the integration of fishery industry, and have been a great force to promote the integration of fishery industry and enhance the competitiveness of fishery industry. At present, the number of new fishery management entities in China has maintained a relatively rapid growth. In 2017, the growth rate of fishermen professional cooperatives was 11.7%, and that of fishery family farms was 23.3%. Moreover, the characteristics of industrial integration of new fishery management subjects were more prominent, with significant demonstrating and driving effects, However, the overall number of new fishery management entities still accounted for a small proportion and there were great regional differences in its development. Based on the elaboration of the relationship between the new management entities and the integration of fishery industry, this paper analyzed the main problems existing in the promotion of the industrial integration of the new management entities, and proposed that it is supposed to improve the benefit affiliating mechanism of relevant entities in the industrial integration, optimize the external support environment of the industrial integration and enhance the ability of scientific and technological innovation and application of new fishery management entities, play the leading role of new management entities fully and stimulate their vitality for pushing the integration of fishery industry.
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