文章摘要
韦金菊 1, 宋修鹏 1, 魏春燕 1, 张小秋 1, 黄伟华 2, 颜梅新 1.甘蔗黑穗病及其防治研究进展[J].广东农业科学,2019,46(4):81-88
甘蔗黑穗病及其防治研究进展
Research Progress on Sugarcane Smut and Its Control
  
DOI:10.16768/j.issn.1004-874X.2019.04.012
中文关键词: 甘蔗黑穗病  甘蔗鞭黑粉菌  遗传多样性  致病机理  抗病育种
英文关键词: sugarcane smut  Sporisorium scitamineum  genetic diversity  pathogenicity mechanism  resistance breeding
基金项目:广西财政专项“甘蔗新品种选育与示范推广”;广西农业科学院基本科研业务专项(2015YM06)
作者单位
韦金菊 1, 宋修鹏 1, 魏春燕 1, 张小秋 1, 黄伟华 2, 颜梅新 1 1. 广西壮族自治区农业科学院甘蔗研究所 / 中国农业科学院甘蔗研究中心 / 农业部广西甘蔗 生物技术与遗传改良重点实验室 / 广西甘蔗遗传改良重点实验室 , 广西 南宁 530007 2. 广西壮族自治区农业科学院生物技术研究所 , 广西 南宁 530007 
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中文摘要:
      甘蔗是世界上重要的糖料和生物质能源作物,由甘蔗鞭黑粉菌(Sporisorium scitamineum)引起的 甘蔗黑穗病是甘蔗生产上的主要病害 , 严重影响甘蔗产量和质量 , 对我国乃至世界甘蔗生产和蔗糖产业的可持续 发展构成了严重威胁。在分子水平上甘蔗鞭黑粉菌致病机理和甘蔗抗病机理研究已成为当前研究的热点,深入 的机理研究为甘蔗黑穗病的有效防治和抗病育种提供科学依据。目前,选育和推广抗黑穗病新品种是防治甘蔗 黑穗病最经济有效的措施,而我国在抗病育种的研究基础比较薄弱。综述了甘蔗黑穗病发生与危害、病原特征、 遗传多样性、致病机理、抗病育种及防治对策,并对甘蔗黑穗病研究中存在的问题与今后的研究思路进行了探 讨与展望。
英文摘要:
      Sugarcane is one of the important sugar and biomass energy crops in the world. Sugarcane smut caused by Sporisorium scitamineum is the main disease of sugarcane, which results in enormous yield losses and decline in cane quality, and poses a serious threat to the sustainable development of sugarcane production and sugar industry in China and even in the world. Currently, study on pathogenic mechanism of S. scitamineum and resistance mechanism of sugarcane at molecular level has become a research hotspot, which provides scientific basis for smut control and disease resistance breeding of sugarcane. At present, breeding and promotion of new resistant varieties is the most economical and effective measure to control sugarcane smut. However, research of breeding resistance cultivars is relatively weak in China. This paper reviewed disease occurrence, pathogenic feature, genetic diversity, pathogenic mechanism, disease resistance breeding and control measures. The further research ideas of sugarcane smut were also discussed according to current research.
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