文章摘要
张朝坤,康月惠,康仕成.两种生产模式彩虹番石榴果实品质和产量比较[J].广东农业科学,2019,46(5):33-39
两种生产模式彩虹番石榴果实品质和产量比较
Comparison of Fruit Quality and Yield of‘Rainbow’Guava Under Two Production Modes
  
DOI:10.16768/j.issn.1004-874X.2019.05.005
中文关键词: 番石榴  生产模式  品质  产量  产值
英文关键词: Guava  production mode  quality  yield  output value
基金项目:福建省科技计划项目(2016N3021)
作者单位
张朝坤,康月惠,康仕成 漳州市农业科学研究所福建 漳州 363005 
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中文摘要:
      【目的】通过比较一年三季果和一年两季果两种生产模式对彩虹番石榴果实品质、商品率、产量 和产值的影响,为彩虹番石榴在闽南地区的推广种植提供参考。【方法】以福建漳州种植的3年生彩虹番石榴 结果树为试验材料,采取一年三季果和一年两季果两种生产模式,比较2016—2018年两个连续生产周年两种生 产模式各季采收的彩虹番石榴果实在品质、商品率、产量和产值等方面的差异。【结果】一年三季果模式的冬 季果品质最好,秋季果和春季果的品质较差,一年两季果模式的晚秋果和早春果品质中等;除一年三季果模式 的秋季果商品率低外,其余各季果实商品率均高于80%;一年三季果模式的两周年产量和产值分别为41.97、 41.92 t/hm2和26.90万、25.96万元/hm2,一年两季果模式的两周年产量和产值分别为41.55、40.76 t/hm2和25.34万、 24.47万元/hm2,虽然一年三季果模式产量和产值均略高于一年两季果模式,但其生产成本比一年两季果模式高 出约3万元/hm2,因此,一年两季果模式实际利润反而高于一年三季果模式。【结论】在闽南番石榴产区,彩 虹番石榴适宜推广一年两季果生产模式。
英文摘要:
      【Objective】 The effects of three-time-per-year fruiting production model (TH-T FPM) and two-time-per-year fruiting production model (TW-T FPM) on fruit quality, commodity rate, yield and output value of‘Rainbow’guava were compared in order to provide references for the promotion and plantation of‘Rainbow’guava in south Fujian.【Method】The 3-year-old‘Rainbow’guava trees planted in Zhangzhou, Fujian Province were used as the experimental material. Under the two production modes, the differences in quality, commodity rate, yield and output value of‘Rainbow’guava fruits harvested in each crop during the two consecutive production years from 2016 to 2018 were compared. 【Result】 In terms of fruit quality, the fruits harvested in winter under the TH-T FPM were the best, followed by the fruits harvested in late autumn and early spring under the TW-T FPM. The quality of fruits harvested in autumn and spring under the TH-T FPM was poor. In terms of fruit commodity rate, the fruits harvested in other seasons were above 80% except that the fruits harvested in autumn under the TH-T FPM were low. The yield and output value of the TH-T FPM were 41.97 t/hm2, 41.92 t/hm2 and 269 000 yuan/hm2, 259 600 yuan/hm2, respectively, and yield and output value of the TW-T FPM were 41.55 t/hm2, 40.76 t/hm2 and 253 400 yuan/hm2, 244 700 yuan/hm2, respectively during the two consecutive production years. Although the yield and output value of the TH-T FPM were slightly higher than those of the TH-T FPM, the production cost of TH-T FPM were about 30 000 yuan/hm2 higher than that of the TW-T FPM. Therefore, after deducting the production cost, the actual income of the TW-T FPM was higher than that of the TH-T FPM.【Conclusion】 The two-timeper-year fruiting production model of‘Rainbow’guava is suitable for promotion in south Fujian .
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