文章摘要
郑富海 1 ,涂超峰 2,叶少萍 1 ,贺立华 2,许昌超 1 ,刘 勇 2,张俊涛 1.控释肥对香石竹出圃苗质量的影响[J].广东农业科学,2019,46(5):40-47
控释肥对香石竹出圃苗质量的影响
Effect of Controlled Release Fertilizer on the Quality of Dianthus caryophyllus L. Seedlings
  
DOI:10.16768/j.issn.1004-874X.2019.05.006
中文关键词: 香石竹  生长指标  肥料配比  脲甲醛泡沫  活性磷
英文关键词: Dianthus caryophyllus  growth index  fertilizer ratio  urea formaldehyde foam  active phosphorus
基金项目:教育部产学研结合项目(2010B090400159);广州市科技计划项目(201300000128)
作者单位
郑富海 1 ,涂超峰 2,叶少萍 1 ,贺立华 2,许昌超 1 ,刘 勇 2,张俊涛 1 1. 广州市林业和园林科学研究院广东 广州 510405 2. 常德市园林绿化研究与技术指导中心湖南 常德 415000 
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中文摘要:
      【目的】利用长效控释氮肥(脲甲醛泡沫)、活性磷肥调控香石竹基质配方,研究不同处理对香 石竹出圃质量的影响,为香石竹施肥技术提供理论依据。【方法】设定不同控释肥处理对香石竹进行盆栽种植, 分别于 0、15、30 d 对香石竹的株高、冠幅进行测定,并在 30 d 对香石竹进行采样分析生物量、地上部氮磷积 累量和根系形态指标。【结果】种植 30 d 后,T4 处理(草花基质添加复合肥 1.6 kg/m3、缓释肥 1.14 kg/m3、活 性磷 5.71 kg/m3、脲甲醛 6.05 kg/m3 作为栽培基质)的叶、茎、根的生物量,总根长,总根表面积,地上部氮、 磷积累量均为最大值,分别为 3.12 g/ 株、1.75 g/ 株、0.82 g/ 株、5.15 m/ 株、526 cm2/ 株、179 mg/ 株和 21.32 mg/ 株,与对照处理(草花基质添加复合肥 4.8 kg/m3、缓释肥 3.6 kg/m3 作为栽培基质)相比显著差异。【结论】施 加脲甲醛泡沫和活性磷肥对香石竹的生长有显著影响,从生物量、总根长、总根表面积、地上部氮磷积累量等 方面综合考虑,T4 处理的石竹生长效果最好,不仅能获得较好的形态指标,而且能提高氮磷肥的积累量,香石 竹出圃苗质量较佳。
英文摘要:
      【Objective】 In this study, a series of substrate formula modulated with long-acting controlled-release nitrogen fertilizer (urea formaldehyde foam) and active phosphorus fertilizer were used to analyze the effects of different fertilizer ratios on the quality of Dianthus caryophyllus seedlings, which provided theoretical basis for fertilization technology of D. caryophyllus. 【Methods】The height and crown diameter of D. caryophyllus planted with modulated substrates were measured at 0, 15 and 30 d, respectively, and the whole plants were harvested at the 30th day for the analysis of biomass, the amount of nitrogen and phosphorus accumulation in above-ground part and root morphology indicators. 【Results】 At the 30th day, all the measured indicators (biomass of leave, stem and root, total root length, total root surface area, total N and P of above-ground part) of T4 treatment (annual flower matrix added with compound fertilizer 1.6 kg/m3, slow release fertilizer 1.14 kg/m3, active phosphorus 5.71 kg/m3, urea formaldehyde 6.05 kg/m3 as the cultivation substrate)reached the maximum values, and such indicators had significant difference with those of CK treatment (annual flower matrix added with compound fertilizer 4.8 kg/m3, slow release fertilizer 3.6 kg/m3 as cultivation substrate). All the measured indicators (biomass of leave, stem and root, total root length, total root surface area, total N and P of above-ground part) of T4 treatment were 3.12 g/plant, 1.75 g/plant, 0.82 g/plant, 5.15 m/plant, 526 cm2/plant, 179 mg/plant and 21.32 mg/plant, respectively. 【Conclusion】Substrates modulated with controlled-release nitrogen fertilizer (urea formaldehyde foam) and active phosphorus fertilizer had significant effects on the growth of D. caryophyllus. In consideration of biomass, total root length, total root surface area, nitrogen and phosphorus accumulation of the above-ground part, the growth effect of D. caryophyllus seedlings under T4 treatment is the best, which not only can obtain better morphological indicators, but also improve the accumulation of nitrogen phosphate fertilizer.
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