文章摘要
章 攀 1,2,游春平 2,邵蝴蝶 2,韩群鑫 2.广东省半翅目桑树害虫种类与为害调查[J].广东农业科学,2019,46(5):83-93
广东省半翅目桑树害虫种类与为害调查
Investigation on Species of Hemiptera Pests Attacking Mulberry in Guangdong and Their Damage
  
DOI:10.16768/j.issn.1004-874X.2019.05.012
中文关键词: 桑树害虫  昆虫鉴定  细胞色素氧化酶亚基 I 基因(mtCOI)  半翅目害虫
英文关键词: pests in mulberry  identification of insect  cytochrome oxidase subunit I gene (mtCOI)  Hemiptera pest
基金项目:广东省现代农业产业技术体系创新团队项目(2016LM1134)
作者单位
章 攀 1,2,游春平 2,邵蝴蝶 2,韩群鑫 2 1. 广东省农业科学院植物保护研究所广东 广州 510640 2. 仲恺农业工程学院农业与生物学院广东 广州 510225 
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中文摘要:
      【目的】半翅目(Hemiptera)害虫是广东桑树种植区主要为害桑树的害虫种类,每年都会对蚕桑 生产造成较大的经济损失 , 但目前尚未有对广东省半翅目桑树害虫种类系统鉴定与为害调查的相关研究。因此, 针对广东省半翅目桑树害虫进行系统调查和研究,从而为进一步制定出有效的防治措施及开展相关的研究提供 理论依据有着重要的意义。【方法】通过对桑园鳞翅目害虫的调查与采集,利用形态和分子(细胞色素氧化酶 亚基Ⅰ基因 mtCO Ⅰ)鉴定方法对其进行系统鉴定。【结果】共鉴定出 7 种半翅目害虫,分别为双条拂粉蚧(Ferrisia virgata Cockerell)、桑木虱(Anomoneura mori Schwarz)、桑斑叶蝉(Erythroneura mori Matsumura)、尖胸沫蝉 (Aphrophora sp.)、稻绿蝽(Nezara viridula Linnaeus)、瘤缘蝽(Acanthocoris scaber Linnaeus)、离斑棉红蝽(Dysdercus cingulatus Fabricius)。【结论】在鉴定的 7 种半翅目害虫中,双条拂粉蚧、尖胸沫蝉、离斑棉红蝽为广东省首 次报道为害桑树的害虫。
英文摘要:
      【Objective】In recent years, Hemiptera pests are the main pests in mulberry planting area in Guangdong, which cause great economic losses to sericulture production every year. However, there is no relevant research on the systematic identification of Hemiptera mulberry pests and damage investigation of such pests in Guangdong. Therefore, it is of great significance to systematically investigate and study the Hemiptera mulberry pests in Guangdong Province, so as to provide theoretical basis for further formulating effective control measures and carrying out relevant research. 【Method】 The investigation and identification of seven Lepidoptera pests in mulberry orchard was systematically conducted by morphology and molecular characteristics (cytochrome oxidase subunit Ⅰ gene, mtCO Ⅰ ).【Result】Seven species of Hemiptera pests were identified, i.e., Ferrisia virgata Cockerell, Anomoneura mori Schwarz, Erythroneura mori Matsumura, Aphrophora sp., Nezara viridula Linnaeus, Acanthocoris scaber Linnaeus, Dysdercus cingulatus Fabricius. Ferrisia virgata Cockerel. 【Conclusion】Among the seven identified Hemiptera pests, Aphrophora sp. and Dysdercus cingulatus Fabricius were first reported to attack mulberry in Guangdong.
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