文章摘要
石保纬 1 ,王田月2,梁盛凯 3,陆泉志 1 ,陆宇明 4,周文亮 5,范稚莲 1,6,莫良玉1,6.产业结构与聚集视角下广西农业 高质量发展路径研究[J].广东农业科学,2019,46(5):165-172
产业结构与聚集视角下广西农业 高质量发展路径研究
Research on the High-quality Development Path of Guangxi Agriculture Based on Industrial Structure and Clustering
  
DOI:10.16768/j.issn.1004-874X.2019.05.023
中文关键词: 广西  农业产业结构  固定效应  优化与聚集  发展路径
英文关键词: Guangxi  agricultural industrial structure  fixed effect  optimization and aggregation  development path
基金项目:广西科技计划项目(桂科 AB17205017);广西农业科学院科技基金发展项目(桂农科 2016ZX02, 桂农科 2016ZX03);广西烟草科技创新项目(20174500002403)
作者单位
石保纬 1 ,王田月2,梁盛凯 3,陆泉志 1 ,陆宇明 4,周文亮 5,范稚莲 1,6,莫良玉1,6 1. 广西大学农学院广西 南宁 5300042. 广西经济管理干部学院广西 南宁 530007 3. 广西农业科学院园艺研究所广西 南宁 5300074. 广西农业科学院广西 南宁 530007 5. 广西壮族自治区烟草公司百色市公司广西 百色 530022 6. 广西大学新农村发展研究院广西 南宁 530004 
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中文摘要:
      【目的】农业高质量发展是我国农业发展的方向,广西作为农业大省坚持农业高质量发展有利 于提升广西农业现代化水平。基于广西地区产业结构与聚集视角下的分析,探索广西农业高质量发展路径,为 广西农业高质量发展提供理论参考。【方法】将广西 14 个地市分为两个等级地区,运用固定效应模型,研究 2013—2017 年广西产业结构升级率、产业结构优化率、地区专业化程度以及影响产业结构升级的因素。【结果】 依靠北部湾发展北海市、防城港市和钦州市的产业结构升级率均超过 50%,产业结构最高增长 363%,第一产业 结构优化率、优势地区优化率均值都在 2% 以上;通过 Eviews 对自变量进行固定效应模型处理发现,不同等级 地区产业升级趋势存在显著异质性。产业结构优化与聚集、提高劳动力素质是农业高质量发展的关键,农业机 械化和基础设施的投入对优劣势地区都有显著影响,是农业高质量发展的基础。【结论】统筹全面发展,缩小 地区产业结构升级的差异;加快培育生产性技术服务主体,提供高质量规模化农业科技服务;完善产业结构优 化与聚集,提高劳动力素质;加快农艺与农机相结合技术的应用,加强基础设施建设推动农业高质量发展。
英文摘要:
      【Objective】The high-quality development of agriculture is the direction of China’s agricultural development. As a large agricultural province, Guangxi adheres to the high-quality development of agriculture, which is conducive to improving the level of agricultural modernization in Guangxi. Based on the analysis of industrial structure and aggregation in Guangxi, and this paper explores the high-quality development path of Guangxi agriculture, and provides theoretical references for the high-quality development of Guangxi agriculture.【Method】 The 14 cities in Guangxi were divided into two grades, and the fixed effect model was used to study the upgrading rate of industrial structure, the optimization rate of industrial structure, the degree of regional specialization and the factors affecting the upgrading of industrial structure in Guangxi during 2013—2017. 【Result】 Beihai City, Fangchenggang City and Qinzhou City was developed relying on Beibu Gulf, the industrial structure upgrading rates of the three cities are more than 50%, and the industrial structure has the highest growth rate of 363%. The average values of optimization rate of the primary industry structure and the dominant areas are above 2%. Through the fixed effect model processing of independent variables by Eviews, it is found that there is significant heterogeneity in the industrial upgrading trend in various regions of different grades. The optimization and aggregation of industrial structure and the improvement of labor quality are the key points to the high-quality development of agriculture. The investment in agricultural mechanization and infrastructure has a significant impact on the excellent and inferior areas, which is the basis for the high quality development of agriculture.【Conclusion】 It is suggested to reduce the differences in regional industrial structure upgrading by coordinating the comprehensive development of different areas, to accelerate the cultivation of productive technical service subjects and provide large-scale high-quality agricultural technology services, to improve the optimization and concentration of industrial structure and the quality of labor force, to facilitate the application of the combination of agronomy and agricultural machinery, and strengthen infrastructure construction for the promotion of the highquality development of agriculture.
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