文章摘要
王继华,蔡时可,杨少海.广东省中草药种植业现状与发展趋势[J].广东农业科学,2019,46(8):14-21
广东省中草药种植业现状与发展趋势
Status and Development Tendency of Chinese HerbalMedicine Planting in Guangdong Province
  
DOI:10.16768/j.issn.1004-874X.2019.08.003
中文关键词: 中药农业  南药  种植业  发展趋势
英文关键词: Chinese medicine agriculture  southern medicine  planting  development tendency
基金项目:广东省农业科学院2018年农业科技特派员精准扶贫乡村产业振兴支撑项目(T2018021);农业农村部华南都市农业重点实验室开放基金(016)
作者单位
王继华,蔡时可,杨少海 广东省作物遗传改良重点实验室 / 广东省农业科学院作物研究所广东 广州 510640 
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中文摘要:
      广东省地处岭南生物资源丰富,盛产南药,道地药材种类繁多,是我国主要的中药材种植、生产、 加工和交易集散地,但是与传统农业相比,中草药种植水平相对落后。中草药种植是中药农业的基础,在生产上, 中药材的育种、植保和栽培不受重视,药农缺乏科学的技术指导,导致种植效益低下。中药农业是产业结构调 整和供给侧改革的重要内容之一,广东省对中药农业的发展日益重视。对广东省在中药农业领域中的资源收集 评鉴、品种选育、标准化种植等种植环节的现状以及面临的问题进行综述,以期为今后广东省中药农业健康和 可持续发展提供支持。
英文摘要:
      【Objective】 Located in south of China, Guangdong Province is rich in biological resources and Southern medicinal plants, with a wide variety of genuine medicinal materials. It is the main center of the cultivation, production, processing and distribution of Chinese herbal medicines. However, compared with the traditional agriculture, the overall planting level of Chinese medicine agriculture is relatively backward. The cultivation of Chinese herbal medicine is the fundamental part of Chinese medicine agriculture, however, get little attention to the breeding, plant protection and cultivation of medicinal materials, and less technical guidance has been provided to farmers, which results in the lower benefits of the planting of Chinese herbal medicine. Chinese medicine agriculture is an important part of the adjustment of industrial structure and supply-side reform, and more attention is paid to the development of Chinese medicine agriculture in Guangdong Province. In this paper, the current situation and problems of resource collection and identification, variety selection and standardized planting of traditional Chinese medicine agriculture were summarized, so as to provide support for the healthy and sustainable development of Chinese medicine agriculture in Guangdong Province in the future.
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