文章摘要
刘文清 1 ,崔广娟 1 ,王 芳 1 ,曾莉莎1 ,吕 顺 1 ,杜彩娴 1 ,范镇夷1 ,黄秉智 2.香蕉 - 甘蔗轮作对土壤养分含量及酶活性的影响[J].广东农业科学,2019,46(8):86-96
香蕉 - 甘蔗轮作对土壤养分含量及酶活性的影响
Effect of Banana-SugarcaneRotation on SoilNutrient Content and Enzyme Activity
  
DOI:10.16768/j.issn.1004-874X.2019.08.012
中文关键词: 香蕉  甘蔗  连作障碍  轮作  养分含量  土壤酶活性  枯萎病
英文关键词: banana  sugarcane  continuous cropping obstacles  rotation  nutrient content  soil enzyme activity  Fusarium wilt
基金项目:东莞市社会科技发展项目(20185071011598, 2013108101043);广东省科技计划项目(2012B020410005);广东省现代农业产业技术体系创新团队建设专项资金;国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFD0202105)
作者单位
刘文清 1 ,崔广娟 1 ,王 芳 1 ,曾莉莎1 ,吕 顺 1 ,杜彩娴 1 ,范镇夷1 ,黄秉智 2 1. 东莞市香蕉蔬菜研究所广东 东莞 523061 2. 广东省农业科学院果树研究所广东 广州 510640 
摘要点击次数: 70
全文下载次数: 90
中文摘要:
      【目的】研究香蕉与甘蔗轮作不同年限后,土壤养分含量和酶活性等指标的变化,从土壤养分层 面探索香蕉 - 甘蔗轮作模式缓解连作障碍机制。【方法】设置两个田间试验,一是连作蕉地轮作甘蔗试验,包 括连作多年的蕉地(CK)和连作蕉地轮作甘蔗 1 年(GZ1)、2 年(GZ2)、3 年(GZ3)4 个处理;二是轮作甘 蔗后回种香蕉试验,包括连作蕉地轮作甘蔗 2 年(GZ2)和轮作 2 年甘蔗后回植香蕉 1 年(XJ1)、2 年(XJ2)、 3 年(XJ3)4 个处理,测定不同年限养分含量和土壤酶活性等共 24 个指标。【结果】土壤 pH 值随着轮作甘蔗 年限的增加呈现下降的趋势,随着回种香蕉年限的增加呈现增加的趋势;而土壤转化酶(Inv)、脲酶(Ure)、 多酚氧化酶(PPO)、纤维素酶(Cel)等土壤酶活性和有效磷、有效钾、有效硫、有效硼等养分含量则相反, 随着轮作甘蔗年限的增加呈现增加的趋势,回种香蕉后呈现下降的趋势;这些指标能较好地反映香蕉 - 甘蔗 轮作过程中土壤质量变化。香蕉枯萎病发病率与土壤 pH 值呈正相关,与土壤酶中 Cel 活性与土壤养分中 NO3 - -N、K、S、B 含量呈负相关。轮作甘蔗可较好改善土壤质量,其中土壤 Inv、Ure、PPO、Cel 活性指标 GZ2 比 CK 显著升高,土壤养分 NO3 --N、P、K、S、B 含量及 Ca/Mg 等指标 GZ2 比 CK 分别升高 146.13%、18.61%、 22.70%、45.48%、214.63% 和 37.64%;连作蕉地轮作甘蔗 2 年回种香蕉 3 年后,土壤质量严重恶化,其中土壤 Inv、Ure、PPO、Cel 活性指标 XJ3 比 GZ2 显著下降,NO3 --N、S、Zn、B 等养分含量指标 XJ3 比 GZ2 分别下降 45.18%、38.97%、19.05%、72.09%,除 Cel 活性和 AA 含量及 Ca/Mg 指标外,其他指标低于或接近于 CK 水平。 【结论】连作蕉地轮作甘蔗可以提高土壤酶活性和养分含量等改善土壤理化性状,从而缓解香蕉连作障碍;连 作蕉地轮作甘蔗 2 年后土壤理化性状即可得到有效改善,轮作甘蔗 2 年后回种香蕉 3 年为宜。
英文摘要:
      【Objective】 The experiment was conducted to explore the changes of soil nutrient contents and enzyme activities after different years of banana-sugarcane rotation and to explore the mechanism of banana-sugarcane rotation mode to alleviate continuous cropping obstacles from soil nutrient level.【Method】Two field trials were conducted to determine a total of 24 indicators(including contents of nutrients and soil enzyme activities etc.) of different years. One was the experiment of sugarcane rotation in banana fields. There were four treatments:continuous cropping bananas for many years(CK), bananas monocropping-1 year of sugarcane rotation(GZ1), bananas monocropping-2 years of sugarcane rotation (GZ2), bananas monocropping-3 years of sugarcane rotation(GZ3). The other was the experiment of replanting bananas after sugarcane rotation. Four treatments were designed as follows 2 years of rotation(GZ2), GZ2-1 year of banana replanting(XJ1), GZ2-2 years of banana replanting(XJ2), GZ2-3 years of banana replanting(XJ3). 【Result】The soil pH value showed a decreasing trend with the increase of sugarcane rotation years , and an increasing trend with the increase of banana replanting years. The soil enzyme activities such as soil invertase(Inv), urease(Ure), polyphenol oxidase (PPO), cellulose(Cel), and the available phosphorus(P), available potassium(K), available sulphur(S) and available boron(B) tended to increase with the increase of sugarcane rotation years, and tended to decreased with the increase of bananare planting years. These indicators could better reflect the changes of soil quality during banana-sugarcane rotation. The incidence of banana wilt was positively correlated with soil pH, and negatively correlated with Cel activity, contents of NO3 --N, K, S and B in the soil. Sugarcane Rotation could improve soil quality better. Comparing with the CK, the soil invertase, urease, polyphenol oxidase and cellulose activities increased significantly in GZ2, and the contents of NO3 --N, P, K,S, B and Ca/Mg increased by 146.13%, 18.61%, 22.70%, 45.48%, 214.63% and 37.64%, respectively. After 2 years of rotation and 3 years of replanting banana, however, soil quality deteriorates severely. Comparing with the GZ2, the activities of Inv,Ure,PPO and Cel were significantly decreased in XJ3, the contents of NO3 --N,S,Zn and B decreased by 45.18%, 38.97%, 19.05% and 72.09%, respectively. Except for Cel activity, AA content and Ca/Mg, other indicators were lower or close to those of CK. 【Conclusion】Sugarcane rotation of sugarcane in continuous cropping banana in fields can increase soil enzyme activity and nutrient contents and improve soil physical and chemical properties. Therefore, banana continuous cropping obstacles can be alleviated. The soil physical and chemical properties can be effectively improved after continuous cropping of sugarcane for 2 years. After sugarcane rotation for 2 years, then it is advisable to plant bananas for 3 years.
查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器

手机扫一扫看