文章摘要
向云,王伟新,祁春节.地理集聚与农业国际竞争力的相关性研究——来自我国水果产业的证据[J].广东农业科学,2014,41(13):194-199
地理集聚与农业国际竞争力的相关性研究——来自我国水果产业的证据
Research on relationship between geographical agglomeration and international competitiveness of agriculture -- Evidence from China’s fruit industry
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 地理集聚  国际竞争力  固定影响变系数模型  水果产业
英文关键词: eographical agglomeration  international competitiveness  fixed effects model with variable coefficients  fruit industry
基金项目:国家现代农业(柑橘)产业技术体系专项(CARS-27-07B);中央高校基本科研业务费专项(2013SC37)
作者单位
向云,王伟新,祁春节 华中农业大学经济管理学院 
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中文摘要:
      以我国水果产业为研究对象,利用1992要2012年的相关数据,采用产业集中率和显示性比较优势指数分别测算了5种主要水果作物和水果产业的地理集聚度与国际竞争力。在此基础上,构建固定影响变系数模型,定量分析了我国水果产业地理集聚与国际竞争力之间的相关关系。结果表明,整体来看,我国水果产业地理集聚与国际竞争力存在显著的正相关关系,苹果、梨、柑橘产业的地理集聚有利于促进国际竞争力的提高;香蕉和葡萄产业的地理集聚与国际竞争力存在负相关关系,可能的原因是加入WTO后葡萄和香蕉出口环境的变化以及香蕉和葡萄主要供应国内消费的现实情况。最后,结合本文的研究内容和研究结论,就相关研究领域提出了几点思考。
英文摘要:
      Based on the data of China爷s fruit industry from 1992 to 2011, this paper estimates the geographic concentration degree and the international competitiveness of five major fruits and fruit industry in China. Then, the author builds a fixed effects model with variable coefficients to quantitatively analyze the relationship between the geographic concentration and international competitiveness of China爷s fruit industry. The empirical results show that, there is a significant positive correlation between geographic concentration and the international competitiveness of fruit industry. The agglomeration of apple, pear and citrus is conducive to the improvement of international competitiveness, while the geographic concentration and the international competitiveness of banana and grape industry presents a negative correlation, mainly due to the accession to the WTO changes the export environment and the reality that most banana and grape serves domestic consumption. Finally, some thoughts are given for the further research of the relation between agricultural geographic concentration and international competitiveness.
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