文章摘要
朱满德,刘超.贵州省城乡居民收入差距现状、原因与对策[J].广东农业科学,2013,40(12):226-230
贵州省城乡居民收入差距现状、原因与对策
Currently status, reasons and countermeasures for income gap between urban and rural in Guizhou province
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 城乡居民收入差距  特色农业  产业化  反贫困  贵州
英文关键词: income gap between urban and rural  characteristics agriculture  industrialization  anti-poverty  Guizhou
基金项目:贵州省优秀科技教育人才省长基金(黔省专合字[2012]58号);贵州省教育厅人文社会科学研究青年项目(12QN033);贵州大学中国西部发展能力研究中心规划项目(2011A001)
作者单位
朱满德,刘超 贵州大学中国西部发展能力研究中心贵州大学经济学院贵州师范学院职业技术学院 
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中文摘要:
      改革开放以来,贵州省经济社会发展取得了显著成效,但城乡发展不平衡问题日益突出。运用统计数据对贵州城乡居民的收入差距进行系统分析,并从资本、劳动、技术进步及收入分配等视角考察贵州城乡居民收入差距的形成原因。结果表明,贵州城乡居民收入差距拉大主要是因为农村居民收入增长缓慢,而物质资本、人力资本及收入分配的二元结构特征是其根源。鉴于家庭经营收入是农村居民收入的主渠道,我们着力从发展资源集约型、环境友好型、特色高效型农业,培育农业产业化经营主体,支持龙头企业与专业合作组织、农户建立野紧密型冶利益联结机制等方面,提出促进农村居民持续增收的若干建议。
英文摘要:
      Since reform and opening up, the economic and social status of Guizhou has achieved remarkable development, while problems of uneven development between urban and rural becane increasingly prominent. The phenomenon of income gap was analysed by using statistical data, and the reasons were investigated from perspective of capital, labor and technological progress. The results showed that income gap between urban and rural became prominent because that the income increased slowly for rural residents, which was caused by dual structure feather of physical capital, human capital, and income distribution. Then it gave some advice for keeping the income of rural residents increasing continually from developing agriculture with feather of resource-efficient and environment-friendly,nurturing agriculture industrial body, supporting interests to link mechanism between leading enterprises, professional cooperation organization and peasantry.
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