文章摘要
范江涛,冯雪,邱永松,黄梓荣,陈国宝.南海鸢乌贼生物学研究进展[J].广东农业科学,2013,40(23):122-128
南海鸢乌贼生物学研究进展
Review on the biology of purpleback flyingsquid in South China Sea
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 鸢乌贼  生物学  南海
英文关键词: purpleback flying squid  biology  South China Sea
基金项目:国家科技支撑计划项目(2013BAD13B06);中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项(2012TS11);农业部财政重大专项(NFZX2013)
作者单位
范江涛,冯雪,邱永松,黄梓荣,陈国宝 中国水产科学研究院南海水产研究所/农业部南海渔业资源环境科学观测试验站 
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中文摘要:
      鸢乌贼是重要的海洋经济种类,研究掌握其生物学特性对于资源评估和管理有重要意义。结合国内外文献,系统总结了鸢乌贼的生物学研究现状院关于鸢乌贼仔稚鱼的研究较少,稚鱼期结束的标志不明显;成鱼分为4个主要种群和2个次要种群,即大型群、中型群、小型群和微型群,其中中型群根据内壳特征分为中型单轴群和中型双轴群;鸢乌贼的分布具有岛屿相关性,通常夜晚上升到水面,白天下降到深水层;鸢乌贼在生态系统中占有重要地位,是许多鱼类、海洋哺乳类的主要饵料,同时本身也是甲壳类、小型鱼类的捕食者,另外还有自食的特性;鸢乌贼广泛分布于38毅N~40毅S的热带和亚热带海域,资源量丰富,其中我国南海的可捕量为130万~200万t/年。
英文摘要:
      Purpleback flying squid (Sthenoeuthis oualaniensis) is an important marine economic species, studying its biological characteristics is very important for the resource assessment and management. This paper summed up domestic and international information of squid biology, and showed some details on this subject. According to the squid life history :egg, larvae, juveniles and adult fish stage, it summarized from the age of growth, population structure, migration, spawning,vertical distribution, habitat, and status of resources. There is little research on the squid larvae and the signs of juveniles period ended are not clear. Adult fish is divided into four main populations and two minor populations, the large group,medium-sized group, small group and mini-group, while medium-sized groups can be divided into medium uniaxial group and medium-sized biaxial according to the characteristics of the inner shell. The distribution of purpleback flying squid has the “island corelation”, it usually ascent to the surface at night and drop to the deep-water during the daytime. Purpleback flying squid plays an important role in the ecosystem. It is the main food of many fish, marine mammals; also it is the predators of crustaceans and small fish. It has the self-feed characteristics. Purpleback flying squid widely distributes in the 38毅N to 40毅S tropical and subtropical waters, especially in the South China Sea, the catchability is (130~200)×104tonsin one year.
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