| Vegetable is an important source for human to obtain vitamins, mineral elements, antioxidants, and dietary fiber, Which has always been an important part of healthy diet, and the vegetable industry occupies an important position in the national economy. With the improvement of living standards, people pay more attention to the quality of vegetables under the premise of safety of vegetables. Vegetable varieties with good taste, excellent flavor and rich nutrition go with the current development trend, however, the traditional vegetable quality inspection and physicochemical properties detection process is time-consuming and costly, which cannot meet the requirements of rapid vegetable screening. The study summarizes the application of efficient and green near infrared reflectance spectroscopy techniques in multiple aspects, such as vegetable safety and quality detection（pesticide residue etc.）, vegetable internal texture
testing（hardness, moisture, crude fiber etc.）, flavor testing（sweet, sour, bitter and hot taste characteristics etc.）, nutrition health component testing（vitamin C, glucosinolates, carotenoids, lycopene, etc.）, with a view to provide new ideas for the efficient development of the whole vegetable industry chain.