文章摘要
缪乐怡,范金岚,詹嘉涛,曹 佩,王丽敏,唐辉武.水稻小分子热激蛋白基因 Os02g0782500对逆境胁迫和激素的响应分析[J].广东农业科学,2023,50(12):112-119
查看全文    HTML 水稻小分子热激蛋白基因 Os02g0782500对逆境胁迫和激素的响应分析
Analysis of Small Heat Shock Protein Gene Os02g0782500 in Rice in Response to Stress and Hormones
  
DOI:10.16768/j.issn.1004-874X.2023.12.011
中文关键词: 水稻  热激蛋白  表达分析  非生物胁迫  Os02g0782500
英文关键词: rice  HSP protein  expression analysis  abiotic stress  Os02g0782500
基金项目:广东省自然科学基金(2021A1515010517,2022A1515010798);广东省大学生创新创业训练计划项目(S202311347004);仲恺农业工程学院仲华基因产业学院项目(KA2103139)
作者单位
缪乐怡,范金岚,詹嘉涛,曹 佩,王丽敏,唐辉武 仲恺农业工程学院农业与生物学院广东 广州 510225 
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中文摘要:
      【 目 的】 分 析 水 稻(Oryza sativa) 小 分 子 热 激 蛋 白(Small heat shock protein,sHSP) 基 因Os02g0782500 对逆境胁迫和激素的响应模式,为进一步研究 Os02g0782500 在逆境胁迫和激素响应过程中的功能提供理论依据。【方法】在水稻‘中花 11’中克隆获得 Os02g0782500,并对其进行生物信息学分析;同时利用定量 PCR(qRT-PCR)技术分析 Os02g0782500 在水稻不同组织及不同激素和非生物胁迫处理下的表达模式。【结果】Os02g0782500 编码区全长为 519 bp,编码一个含有 HSP20 保守结构域的 sHSP。系统进化分析显示,Os02g0782500 与玉米等单子叶植物中的同源蛋白亲缘关系较近。顺式作用元件分析表明,Os02g0782500 的启动子区含有 28 个植物激素响应元件和 35 个环境胁迫响应元件。qRT-PCR 分析表明,Os02g0782500 在水稻叶片中的表达量最高;且 Os02g0782500 的表达受 6-BA、GA3、IAA、高温、低温、PEG6000 和 NaCl 的诱导,推测其在水稻非生物胁迫响应过程中具有重要作用。【结论】明确了 Os02g0782500 的表达受高温、低温、6-BA、GA3和 IAA 等外界因素调控,推测 Os02g0782500 可能通过 IAA 等激素信号转导途径参与水稻的非生物胁迫响应。
英文摘要:
      【Objective】 Analysis of the response pattern of small heat shock protein (sHSP) gene Os02g0782500 to stress and hormones in rice (Oryza sativa) could provide theoretical basis for further research on the functions of Os02g0782500 in stress and hormone responses. 【Method】 In this study, Os02g0782500 was cloned from ‘Zhonghua 11’ and bioinformatic analysis was performed. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) was used to analyze the expression patterns of Os02g0782500 in different tissues and under different hormones and abiotic stress treatments. 【Result】 The gene Os02g0782500 had a coding region with a length of 519 bp, which encoded a small heat shock protein containing one conserved HSP20 domain. The phylogenetic analysis showed that Os02g0782500 was closely related to homologous proteins in maize and other monocotyledonous plants. The analysis of cis-acting elements showed that the promoter region of Os02g0782500 contained 28 plant hormone response cis-elements and 35 environmental stress response cis-elements.The qRT-PCR analysis showed that Os02g0782500 had the highest expression level in rice leaves. And the expression level of Os02g0782500 was induced by 6-BA, GA3, IAA, high temperature, low temperature, PEG6000 and NaCl, which suggested that OS02G0782500 was essential for the abiotic stress responses in rice. 【Conclusion】 This study clarified that the expression of Os02g0782500 was regulated by external factors such as high temperature, low temperature, 6-BA, GA3 and IAA, which provided a foundation for the subsequent study of the biological function of Os02g0782500. It is suggested that Os02g0782500 may be involved in abiotic stress response of rice through IAA and other hormone signal transduction pathways.
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