文章摘要
丁 法,唐 敏,邓子秋,袁 霖,彭莉莉,黄洁怡,韦 璇,刘 芳.外源茉莉酸甲酯对水稻细菌性条斑病抗性的影响[J].广东农业科学,2023,50(12):131-139
查看全文    HTML 外源茉莉酸甲酯对水稻细菌性条斑病抗性的影响
Effect of Exogenous Methyl Jasmonate on Resistance to Bacterial Leaf Stripe in Rice
  
DOI:10.16768/j.issn.1004-874X.2023.12.013
中文关键词: 水稻  细菌性条斑病  茉莉酸甲酯  激素途径相关基因  抗性
英文关键词: rice  bacterial leaf stripe  methyl jasmonate  hormone-pathway related gene  resistance
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(32060473)
作者单位
丁 法,唐 敏,邓子秋,袁 霖,彭莉莉,黄洁怡,韦 璇,刘 芳 广西大学农学院 / 亚热带农业生物保护与利用国家重点实验室广西 南宁 530004 
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中文摘要:
      【目的】研究外源茉莉酸甲酯(MeJA)对水稻细菌性条斑病(简称细条病)抗性的影响,为防治水稻细条病提供理论依据。【方法】以水稻细条病抗性近等基因系 K9、感性近等基因系 G9 为材料,在分蘖期对 K9 和 G9 植株喷施 0.1 mmol/L MeJA,以喷施清水为对照(CK)。分别在 MeJA 处理后 0、12、24、48、72 h接种水稻细条病菌,调查发病情况。进一步研究喷施 MeJA 48 h 后,在 K9 和 G9 植株上接种细条病菌后 0、6、12、24、48 h 激素途径相关基因的表达变化。【结果】K9 植株在喷施 MeJA 后 0、24、48、72 h 接种水稻细条病菌的叶片病斑长度显著短于对照;G9 植株在喷施 MeJA 后 0、12 h 接种水稻细条病菌的叶片病斑长度显著长于对照,而在喷施 MeJA 后 72 h 接种的叶片病斑长度显著短于对照。喷施 MeJA 后 48 h 接种细条病菌,K9 植株中的茉莉酸途径相关基因 LOX2 和 AOS2、病程相关基因 PR10 的相对表达量较对照上调,水杨酸途径相关基因 PAD4和 PAL、乙烯途径相关基因 EIN2 和 ERF70、病程相关基因 PR1a 的相对表达量较对照下调;G9 植株中的茉莉酸途径相关基因 LOX2 和 AOS2、水杨酸途径相关基因 PAD4 和 PAL、病程相关基因 PR1a 和 PR10 的相对表达量较对照上调,乙烯途径相关基因 EIN2 的相对表达量较对照下调。【结论】外源茉莉酸甲酯影响抗、感性近等基因系对细条病的抗性,随 MeJA 处理后接种时间点的不同,抗、感近等基因系对细条病菌的抗性反应不同。外源茉莉酸甲酯通过诱导茉莉酸、水杨酸和乙烯途径相关基因和病程相关基因的表达,参与对细条病侵染的防御反应。
英文摘要:
      【Objective】The effect of exogenous methyl jasmonate on resistance to bacterial leaf stripe (BLS) was studied, which would provide a theoretical basis for the prevention and control of BLS in rice.【Method】With rice BLS-resistant and susceptible near isogenic lines (K9 and G9) as materials, 0.1 mmol/L methyl jasmonate (MeJA) were sprayed on BLS-resistant and susceptible near isogenic lines (K9 and G9) plants respectively at tillering stage, and water spraying was used as control (CK). The inoculation with Xanthomonas oryzae pv. Oryzicola (Xoc) were conducted at 0, 12, 24, 48, 72 h after MeJA treatment, then the symptoms of BLS were investigated. In K9 and G9 plants sprayed with MeJA for 48 h then inoculated with Xoc, the expression changes of hormone-pathway related genes were further analyzed at 0, 6, 12, 24 and 48 h after inoculation.【Result】In K9 plants, the lesion lengths of leaves inoculated at 0, 24, 48, 72h after being sprayed with MeJA were significantly shorter than those in CK; in G9 plants, the lesion lengths of leaves inoculated at 0 h and 12 h after being sprayed with MeJA were significantly longer than those in CK, while inoculated at 72 h after being sprayed with MeJA were significantly shorter than those in CK. Compared with the CK, relative expression levels of jasmonate-pathway related genes LOX2 and AOS2, and pathogenesis-related gene PR10 were upregulated, while relative expression levels of alicylic acid-pathway related genes PAD4 and PAL, ethylene-pathway related genes EIN2 and ERF70, and pathogenesis-related gene PR1a were downregulated in K9 plants inoculated at 48h after being sprayed with MeJA; relative expression levels of jasmonate-pathway related genes LOX2 and AOS2, salicylic acid-pathway related genes PAD4 and PAL and pathogenesis-related genes PR1a and PR10 were upregulated, while relative expression level of ethylene-pathway related gene EIN2 was downregulated in G9 plants inoculated at 48h after being sprayed with MeJA.【Conclusion】Exogenous MeJA affects the BLS-resistance in rice resistant and susceptible near isogenic lines. The resistance responses of resistant and susceptible near isogenic lines to Xoc are different at different inoculation time points after MeJA treatment. Exogenous MeJA involves in the defense response to Xoc infection by inducing the expression changes of jasmonate, salicylic acid and ethylene pathway-related genes and pathogenesis-related genes.
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