文章摘要
蒙林平,程纹,廖一颖.东非芳香乔灌木的综合评价及其观赏价值研究[J].广东农业科学,2021,48(3):53-63
查看全文    HTML 东非芳香乔灌木的综合评价及其观赏价值研究
Comprehensive Evaluation of Aromatic Trees and Shrubs in East Africa and Research on Their Ornamental Value
  
DOI:10.16768/j.issn.1004-874X.2021.03.007
中文关键词: 东非芳香植物  层次分析法  综合评价  园林应用
英文关键词: aromatic plants in East Africa  analytic hierarchy process  comprehensive evaluation  landscape application
基金项目:深圳市城市管理和综合执法局科研项目(202008);中国科学院海外科教基地建设专项(SAJL201607)
作者单位
蒙林平,程纹,廖一颖 深圳市中国科学院仙湖植物园广东 深圳 518004 
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中文摘要:
      【目的】考察东非的芳香植物资源,为东非芳香植物资源的引种栽培及合理开发利用提供参考。【方法】选取原产东非的 30 种芳香植物,在充分考察其芳香性状、观赏价值、生物学特性、园林应用潜力的基础上,运用层次分析法(AHP)构建芳香植物观赏价值的综合评价模型,并对其进行综合评价,根据植株生活习性建议东非芳香植物园林配植形式和应用场景。【结果】自然香味散发程度、释放香味时间、抗逆性、花朵颜色是芳香植物综合评价最重要的评价指标,30 种芳香植物共划分为 3 个等级:丽芸木(Calodendrum capense)、南非栀子(Gardenia thunbergia)、烟斗石南(Erica arborea)等 9 种芳香植物综合价值最高,具有广阔的应用前景;埃塞素馨(Jasminum abyssinicum)、红皮猴面包树(Adansonia rubrostipa)等 11 种芳香植物综合价值较高,具有较好的应用前景;锦叶缅茄(Afzelia quanzensis)、五裂苹婆(Sterculia quinqueloba)等 10 种芳香植物综合价值一般。【结论】基于层次分析法结果,结合东非芳香植物园林配植形式和应用场景,合理选择东非芳香植物进行引种栽培应用,丰富芳香植物种类,增加色彩变化,增强园林景观的嗅觉体验,发挥芳香植物的最大效益。
英文摘要:
      【Objective】The aromatic plant resources in East Africa were investigated to provide references for the introduction, cultivation and rational development and application of such resources.【Method】Selecting 30 species of aromatic plants which were native to East Africa, based on full investigation of their aromatic characters, ornamental value, biological properties and potential of landscape application, analytic hierarchy process (AHP) was used to construct the comprehensive evaluation model of the ornamental value of aromatic plants. Aromatic plants were evaluated comprehensively, and the planting patterns and application scenarios of such plants in East Africa were proposed based on the plant habits.【Result】The degree of natural fragrance, time of fragrance release, resistance and flower color were the most important evaluation indexes in the comprehensive evaluation of aromatic plants. Thirty species of aromatic plants were divided into 3 levels: 9 species, such as Calodendrum capense, Gardenia thunbergia, Erica arborea, had highest comprehensive value and broad application prospect; 11 species, including Jasminum abyssinicum, Adansonia rubrostipa, had higher comprehensive value and good application prospect; 10 species, such as Adansonia digitata, Sterculia quinqueloba, had ordinary comprehensive value.【Conclusion】Based on the results of analytic hierarchy process, and combining the planting patterns and application scenarios of aromatic plants in East Africa, we can reasonably select aromatic plants in East Africa for introduction, cultivation and application, increase aromatic plant species, enrich color changes, and offer unique perceptions to the sense of smell, which will create utmost benefits of aromatic plants in landscaping.
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