文章摘要
彭 程,陆育生,常晓晓,陈 喆,林志雄,邱继水.不同施肥方式对苹果桃园土壤养分及果实香气成分的影响[J].广东农业科学,2021,48(4):69-76
查看全文    HTML 不同施肥方式对苹果桃园土壤养分及果实香气成分的影响
Effects of Different Fertilization Treatments on Soil Nutrient in the Orchardand Fruit Aroma Component of Prunus persica‘apple’Peach
  
DOI:10.16768/j.issn.1004-874X.2021.04.010
中文关键词: 苹果桃  香气  有机肥  土壤养分  果实品质
英文关键词: Prunus persica‘apple’Peach  aroma component  organic fertilizer  soil nutrient  fruit quality
基金项目:广州市科技计划项目(201803050013);广东省农作物种质资源库(圃)建设与资源收集保存、鉴评项目(粤农计〔2018〕36 号);广东省优稀水果产业技术体系创新团队建设项目(2020KJ116)
作者单位
彭 程,陆育生,常晓晓,陈 喆,林志雄,邱继水 广东省农业科学院果树研究所 / 农业农村部南亚热带果树生物学与遗传资源利用重点实验室 / 广东省热带亚热带果树研究重点实验室广东 广州 510640 
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中文摘要:
      【目的】找寻适宜于贵州东部地区苹果桃种植的施肥方案。【方法】以苹果桃果园为研究对象, 使用复合肥、商业有机肥和菜籽麸肥 3 种肥料,研究不同施肥方式对土壤养分和果实香气成分的影响。【结 果】在施入不同肥料处理中,施用有机肥能够显著提升土壤有机质、有效磷、速效钾含量,其中施用菜籽麸肥 处理土壤有机质含量最高,上调 22.80%;施用商用有机肥土壤有效磷和速效钾含量最高,分别上调 71.21% 和 67.66%。相较于复合肥处理,施用有机肥对苹果桃果实可溶性固形物含量、总酸、单果重、纵径、横径没有明显 差异,只有菜籽麸肥处理能够显著提升果实总糖含量和硬度强度,分别提升 17.26% 和 17.16%。相较于复合肥处理, 施用有机肥能够显著提升苹果桃果实总香气物质含量,其中菜籽麸肥和商用有机肥处理果实总香气物质含量分 别提升 44.07% 和 22.82%。【结论】施用有机肥能够显著提升苹果桃果园土壤养分有效性和提高果实香气物质含 量,其中菜籽麸肥效果更好。
英文摘要:
      【Objective】The study was carried out to find out suitable fertilization scheme for the planting of Prunus persica‘apple’Peach in eastern Guizhou.【Method】Using the P. persica‘apple’peach orchards as research objects, the effects of different fertilization including compound fertilizer, commercial organic fertilizer and colleseed oil press cake fertilizer on soil nutrients and fruit aroma components were researched.【Result】In comparison with different fertilizer treatments, applying organic fertilizers could improve the organic matter content, available P and available K in soil, and the organic matter content was increased by 22.80% (the highest increase) under the treatment of colleseed oil press cake fertilizer; the contents of available P and available K were the highest under commercial organic fertilizer treatment, which increased by 71.21% and 67.66%, respectively. Compared with compound fertilizer treatment, there was no significant difference in soluble solid content, total acid, single fruit weight, longitudinal diameter and transverse diameter of P. persica‘apple’Peach fruits under the organic fertilizer treatment, while the total sugar content and hardness of fruits under the colleseed oil press cake fertilizer treatment were increased by17.26% and 17.16%, respectively. Compared with compound fertilizer treatment, the application of organic fertilizer could increase the total aroma component content of fruits significantly, under colleseed oil press cake fertilizer and commercial organic fertilizer treatments, contents of total aroma component were increased by 44.07% and 22.82%, respectively.【Conclusion】The application of organic fertilizers can improve soil nutrient effectiveness and aroma component of P. persica‘apple’Peach significantly, and the effect of colleseed oil press cake fertilizer is better.
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