文章摘要
梁嘉敏,杨虎晨,张立丹,陈小娟,陈 静,樊小林,孙少龙.我国水溶性肥料及水肥一体化的研究进展[J].广东农业科学,2021,48(5):64-75
查看全文    HTML 我国水溶性肥料及水肥一体化的研究进展
Research Progress of Water-soluble Fertilizer and Fertigation in China
  
DOI:10.16768/j.issn.1004-874X.2021.05.009
中文关键词: 水溶性肥料  水肥一体化  生产工艺  施肥技术
英文关键词: water-soluble fertilizer  fertigation  production process  fertilization technology
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2020YFD1000104);国家现代农业产业技术体系建设专项(CARS-31-06)
作者单位
梁嘉敏,杨虎晨,张立丹,陈小娟,陈 静,樊小林,孙少龙 华南农业大学资源环境学院广东 广州 510642 
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中文摘要:
      随着肥料行业的快速发展以及我国水资源与矿物资源短缺问题的日益严重,以水溶性肥料为代表的新型肥料备受关注。同时,水肥一体化技术的发展促进了水溶性肥料的研究。水肥同施、以水调肥不仅能节水节肥,提高水肥的利用率,而且能减少劳动力投入,提高生产效率。在国家提倡发展节水节肥农业的大背景下,各级地方政府相继响应国家的发展战略,越来越多的企业顺应时代潮流,投身到水溶性肥料产业。当前,水溶性肥料的有效登记呈逐年增长的趋势,水溶性肥料在肥料产业的新局面逐步形成,然而,水溶性肥料产业起步较晚,存在生产技术不成熟、生产标准不达标、施肥方式不完善等问题。通过回顾水溶性肥料国内外的发展历程,简述其生产工艺和施用技术,结合在我国农业上的应用研究,总结水溶性肥料及水肥一体化技术的优点和存在问题,基于理论分析和实践应用,从多方位、多层次、多角度提出相关的发展建议。
英文摘要:
      With the rapid development of fertilizer industry and the increasingly serious shortage of water and mineral resources in China, the new type of fertilizer, represented by water-soluble fertilizer, has attracted much attention. At the same time, the development of fertigation technology has promoted the research of water-soluble fertilizer. Applying water and fertilizer together and adjusting fertilizer with water can not only save water and fertilizer, improve the utilization rate of water and fertilizer, but also reduce labor input and improve production efficiency. Under the background that the state advocates the development of water-saving and fertilizer-saving agriculture, local governments at all levels respond to the national development strategy one after another, and more and more enterprises conform to the trend of the times and devote themselves to the water-soluble fertilizer industry. At present, the effective registration of water-soluble fertilizers is increasing year by year, and the new situation of water-soluble fertilizers in fertilizer industry has been gradually formed. However, due to the late start in water-soluble fertilizer industry, and there are some problems such as immature production technology, substandard production and imperfect fertilization methods. This paper reviews the development history of water-soluble fertilizer at home and abroad, and briefly describes its production technology and fertilization technology. The advantages and problems of water-soluble fertilizer and fertigation technology are summarized based on the research of its application in agriculture in China. Based on theoretical analysis and practical application, relevant development suggestions are put forward from various aspects, levels and perspectives.
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