文章摘要
曹兰芳,司 易,孙 刚.人力资本对林业产业发展质量的影响研究[J].广东农业科学,2021,48(7):152-160
查看全文    HTML 人力资本对林业产业发展质量的影响研究
Impact of Human Capital on the Development Quality of Forestry Industry
  
DOI:10.16768/j.issn.1004-874X.2021.07.019
中文关键词: 人力资本  技术进步  物质资本投入  林业产业总产值  林业产业结构升级
英文关键词: human capital  technological progress  physical capital input  gross output value of forestry industry  forestry industrial structure upgrading
基金项目:湖南省社会科学基金一般项目(17YBA428);湖南省教育厅创新平台开放基金(17K110);国家社会科学基金一般项目(18BJY122)
作者单位
曹兰芳,司 易,孙 刚 1. 中南林业科技大学商学院湖南 长沙 410018 2. 湖南省城步苗族自治县教育局湖南 城步 422500 
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中文摘要:
      随着中国经济进入新常态,传统林业产业经济增长机制收效甚微,林业产业要想实现高质量发展, 即增加林业产业总产值的同时,推动林业产业结构优化升级,依靠人力资本是关键。基于全国 31 个省市 2000— 2018 年的林业面板数据,实证检验人力资本对林业产业发展质量的影响,并探讨技术进步的中介作用和物质资 本投入的调节作用。结果表明,人力资本显著正向影响林业产业发展质量。其中,相较于人力资本对林业产业 总产值的作用系数,其对林业产业结构升级的影响略弱,表明在林业产业结构合理化、高级化过程中,相对于 庞大的林业劳动力数量而言,高水平的专业人力资本不足;技术进步在人力资本与林业产业发展质量间具有显 著的中介作用,表明林业人才可以凭借自身禀赋能力和知识水平,吸收模仿先进生产技术,推动现代生产要素 对传统生产要素更替,提升林业生产效率,实现林业产业高质量发展;物质资本投入不足会削弱人力资本对林 业产业发展质量的影响,表明林业产业发展需要大量资金支持,仅依靠政府投资并不能有效支撑林业产业转型, 还需引入民间资本。基于此,我国应重视林业人才队伍建设,提高林业人才待遇,走科教兴林和人才强林道路; 积极吸收发达国家的管理经验和先进技术,增强林业科技含量;引入民间资本投资,为林业产业发展注入资金 与活力。
英文摘要:
      As China’ s economy enters the new normal, the economic growth mechanism of traditional forestry industry has little effect. If forestry industry wants to achieve high-quality development, which increases the gross output value of forestry industry and promotes the optimization and upgrading of forestry industrial structure, it must rely on the human capital. Based on the forestry panel data of 31 provinces in China from 2000-2018, it empirically tested the impact of human capital on the development quality of forestry industry, and explored the mediating role of technological progress and the moderating role of physical capital input. The results show that human capital significantly positively affects the development quality of forestry industry. Among them, compared with the coefficient of human capital on the total output value of forestry industry, its influence on the upgrading of forestry industrial structure is slightly weaker, indicating that in the rationalization and upgrading of forestry industrial structure, compared with the huge number of forestry labor force, the real high level of human capital is insufficient. Technological progress has a significant intermediary effect between human capital and the development quality of forestry industry. It shows that forestry talents can absorb and imitate advanced production technology, promote the replacement of modern production factors to traditional production factors, improve the production efficiency of forestry, and realize the high-quality development of forestry industry by virtue of their own endowment ability and knowledge level. Insufficient investment of physical capital weakens the influence of human capital on the development quality of forestry industry. It indicates that the development of the forestry industry needs a lot of financial support, and not only relying on government investment which can not effectively support the transformation of the forestry industry, but also need to introduce private capital. Based on this, it is suggested to enhance the construction of forestry talents, to improve their treatment, and take the road of promoting forestry through science and education and strengthening forestry with talents, to actively absorb the management experience and advanced technology of developed countries and enhance the content of forestry science and technology, to introduce private capital investment and inject capital and vitality into the development of forestry industry.
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