文章摘要
陈汉才,吴增祥,林悦欣,沈 卓,黎庭耀,杨 易,周 轩,张 艳.广东菜心、芥蓝研究现状与展望[J].广东农业科学,2021,48(9):62-71
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Research Status and Prospect of Flowering Chinese Cabbage and Chinese Kale in Guangdong
  
DOI:10.16768/j.issn.1004-874X.2021.09.007
中文关键词: 菜心  芥蓝  种质资源  生物技术  产业发展
英文关键词: flowering Chinese cabbage  Chinese kale  germplasm resources  biotechnology  industrial development
基金项目:广东省重点领域研发计划项目(2018B020202010);广东省科技计划项目(2018A050506051);广东省青梗菜良种科研联合攻关项目;广东省乡村振兴战略专项资金(农业科技能力提升)专项叶菜类产业子项目(TS-1-6-6);佛山市财政专项资金- 2019 年度共建广东农业科技示范市项目
作者单位
陈汉才,吴增祥,林悦欣,沈 卓,黎庭耀,杨 易,周 轩,张 艳  
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中文摘要:
      菜心和芥蓝是广东省重要的叶菜类蔬菜,具有种植面积大、复种指数高和市场需求量大的特点,其营养价值高,风味独特,已经成为人们日常饮食中必不可少的蔬菜种类。广东省是菜心和芥蓝秋冬季节的主产区。随着我国北方夏季种植区域的扩大,消费者对叶菜类蔬菜商品性和品质的需求提高,对现有品种的产量、适应性、抗性和风味物质含量等提出了新的要求。通过对种质资源的收集、保存和挖掘,广东省内各科研单位对菜心和芥蓝进行了大量的育种和分子生物学研究工作,促进了品种从常规种到杂交种的更替,也为未来分子育种打下了基础。而广东省菜心和芥蓝在实际生产中依然面临一些问题,需要从品种本身特性和挖掘优异种质资源上进行突破,利用现代生物技术与常规杂交育种技术相结合,提升品种在抗性、品质和适应性等方面的不足。综述了广东省菜心和芥蓝的研究历史、种质资源收集情况、分子生物学研究和产业发展现状,以期为广东省叶菜类蔬菜产业发展提供参考。
英文摘要:
      Flowering Chinese cabbage and Chinese kale are important leafy vegetables in Guangdong Province. They have the characteristics of large planting area, high multiple cropping index and large market demand. With high nutritional value and unique flavor, they have been indispensable vegetables in people’s daily diet. Guangdong Province is the main production area of flowering Chinese cabbage and Chinese kale in autumn and winter. With the expansion of planting areas in northern China in summer and consumers’ demand for the commodity and quality of leafy vegetables, new requirements have been put forward in the yield, adaptability, resistance and flavor content of existing varieties. Through the collection, preservation and excavation of germplasm resources, various scientific research units in Guangdong Province have carried out a large amount of breeding and molecular biology research work on flowering Chinese cabbage and Chinese kale, which has promoted the replacement of varieties from conventional species to hybrids, and also laid a foundation for molecular breeding in the future. However, there are still some problems in actual production of flowering Chinese cabbage and Chinese kale in Guangdong Province. It is necessary to make breakthroughs in the characteristics of the varieties themselves and the excavation of excellent germplasm resources, and use modern biotechnology to combine with conventional hybrid breeding techniques to improve the resistance, quality and adaptability of varieties. Therefore, this article reviews the research history, germplasm resource collection, molecular biology research and industrial development status of flowering Chinese cabbage and Chinese kale in Guangdong Province in order to provide references for the development of leafy vegetables in Guangdong Province.
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