文章摘要
Research Status of Upland Rice Worldwide and Its Enlightenment to Guangdong Province
  
DOI:10.16768/j.issn.1004-874X.2023.12.006
Author NameAffiliation
LU Zhanhua, LIU Wei, WANG Shiguang, WU Haoxiang, WANG Xiaofei, CHEN Hao, PAN Zhaoyang, HE Xiuying 广东省农业科学院水稻研究所 / 农业农村部华南优质稻遗传育种重点实验室(部省共建)/ 广东省水稻育种新技术重点实验室广东 广州 510640 
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Abstract:
      Upland rice, an ecological type formed by the long-term domestication of rice, is mainly distributed in dry land and hilly land with stable summer rainfall but insufficient irrigation conditions. Currently, the cultivated area of upland rice in the world is about 19 million hm2, accounting for about 12.7% of the total cultivated rice area. With rich resources and a long planting history, upland rice is distributed in different rice growing areas in China. Agriculture is one of the most important sources of greenhouse gas emissions, in which the long-term water layer needs to be established in the process of rice cultivation, accounting for about 16% of the greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture. Many studies have shown that planting upland rice plays an important role in reducing greenhouse gas emissions from paddy fields, which is of great significance for ensuring national food security and achieving national carbon peak and carbon neutrality goals. Due to the relative balance of light, temperature and rainfall in Guangdong Province, double-croping rice is the main planting pattern in each ecological region, and the development of upland rice is relatively lagging. With the decrease of the rural labor force, the shortage of water resources and the continuous occurrence of extreme weather such as high temperature and drought in Guangdong and South China, the market demand for upland rice varieties has increased year by year. This review introduces the drought resistance mechanism, breeding and supporting technologies of upland rice in China and abroad, analyzes the research and planting status of upland rice in Guangdong, and puts forward suggestions on upland rice researches, providing references for molecular breeding and low-carbon cultivation technology of upland rice varieties in Guangdong Province.
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