文章摘要
Establishment of a Comprehensive Evaluation Model for Rice Seed Vigor
  
DOI:10.16768/j.issn.1004-874X.2023.12.017
Author NameAffiliation
ZHANG Yue1,2, ZHANG Yixuan1,2, KUI Limei2, LIU Pengfei 3, HU Maolin4, TU Jian2, YANG Liping2, LI Xiaolin2, GU Anyu2 1. 云南大学资源植物研究院云南 昆明 650504 2. 云南省农业科学院粮食作物研究所 云南 昆明 6502053. 中国农业大学植物保护学院北京 1001934. 深圳市农业科技促进中心 广东 深圳 518057 
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Abstract:
      【Objective】A mathematical evaluation model, D(x), was established to provide a reference for the evaluation, identification and genetic improvement of seed vitality traits in rice.【Method】Taking 25 rice seeds as materials, multiple indexes were determined through standard germination experiment, tetrazolium staining identification, field simulation experiment and Q2 technology, and these indexes were analyzed by principal component analysis combined with membership function method and multiple linear regression, to establish the mathematical evaluation model for seed vitality, D(x). And the D(x) model was used to evaluate the influence of different cultivation densities on rice seed vitality.【Result】The results showed that the average values of germination vigor, germination rate, 7-day bud length, hundred-seed fresh weight, field bud length, field root length, starting metabolism rate (SMR) , increased motabolism time (IMT) , relative germination time (RGT) , and tetrazolium staining rate of indica rice were all higher than those of japonica rice. However, only the average values of 7-day root length, hundred-seed dry weight, and oxygen metabolism rate (OMR) of indica rice were slightly lower than those of japonica rice. In the Q2 test, japonica rice exhibited better performance in IMT value, RGT value, and other indicators. Correlation analysis of 13 rice seed vitality indexes revealed varying degrees of correlations among them. In the Q2 test, SMR value was extremely significantly correlated with IMT value, OMR value, RGT value, and hundred-seed dry weight, and significantly correlated with field bud length. OMR value was extremely significantly correlated with SMR value, IMT value, RGT value, and significantly correlated with germination vigor. A seed vitality comprehensive mathematical evaluation model Y(x) = 0.693+0.003X1-0.006X2-0.127X6-0.004X8+0.234X9 (R2=0.94) was established through stepwise regression. The predicted vitality values (Y) obtained from these five indexes were in close agreement with the order of field emergence rate among the tested materials, and they were highly correlated (r=0.83), indicating that this regression equation could effectively predict rice seed vitality.【Conclusion】Five individual indexes, namely, germination vigor, germination rate, hundred-seed dry weight, oxygen metabolism rate (OMR) and germination initiation time (IMT) could be selected as the basis for the evaluation of seed vitality.
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