文章摘要
熊毅俊 1,周灿芳 2,谭 翔 2,汪必旺 2,梁巧丽 3.农业龙头企业带动小农户发展优化路径探索——基于广东海纳农业有限公司的案例分析[J].广东农业科学,2020,47(4):147-154
农业龙头企业带动小农户发展优化路径探索——基于广东海纳农业有限公司的案例分析
Exploration on the Optimal Path for Development of Small Farmers Driven by Leading Agricultural Enterprises —Based on a Case of Guangdong Haina Agriculture Co., Ltd.
  
DOI:10.16768/j.issn.1004-874X.2020.04.020
中文关键词: 小农户  农业龙头企业  联农带农  关系治理
英文关键词: small farmers  leading agricultural enterprises  driving and connecting with farmers  relationship governance
基金项目:广东省农业科学院院长基金(202010);惠州市惠城区丝苗米产业园科技对接服务项目“产业园建设指标研究和建设经验总结”
作者单位
熊毅俊 1,周灿芳 2,谭 翔 2,汪必旺 2,梁巧丽 3 1. 广东省农业科学院广东 广州 5106402. 广东省农业科学院农业经济与农村发展研究所 /农业农村部华南都市农业重点实验室广东 广州 5106403. 广东海纳农业有限公司广东 惠州 516005 
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中文摘要:
      【目的】探索农业龙头企业带动小农户发展的优化路径,为小农户发展面临的困难提供有效解决方案。【方法】以广东海纳农业有限公司为例,借助资料收集、调研访谈等方式,从合作模式的演化视角分析农业龙头企业联农带农内在机理和外在表现。【结果】海纳公司发展历程经历 4 个关键阶段,伴随着与农民的合作紧密程度逐渐加深,其显著特征包括关系治理、科技支撑、纵向一体化经营,归纳总结为“海纳模式”。结果表明:关系治理是企业和农户长期稳定合作的重要基础;纵向一体化经营是企业和农户长期合作的必然趋势;科技支撑是企业和农户紧密联系的根本保障,也是维持良好的关系治理与纵向一体化经营的前提条件,三者既相互独立又内在统一。【结论】海纳模式可作为不同发展阶段农业龙头企业联农带农的典型案例。进一步提出加强治理体系制度化建设、注重技术人才的培养和储备以及加快推动上下游产业链的合理布局等若干对策建议。
英文摘要:
      【Objective】The optimal path for the development of farmers driven by leading agricultural enterprises was explored to provide effective solutions to the difficulties faced by small farmers.【Method】Taking Guangdong Haina Agriculture Co., Ltd. as an example, by means of collecting information, investigating and interviewing, the analysis on internal mechanism and external performance of leading agricultural enterprises promoting the development of farmers was conducted from the perspective of cooperation pattern evolution.【Results】The development of Haina company experienced four key stages, with its deepened cooperation with farmers, it showed notable features of relationship governance, science and technology support and vertical integration business, which were summarized as Haina model. The results show that relationship governance is an important foundation for the long-term and stable cooperation between enterprises and farmers, vertical integration business model is an inevitable trend, and science and technology support is a fundamental guarantee for tight connection and a premise condition to maintain good relationship governance and vertical integration business model, each of them is independent and they are also internally unified.【Conclusion】Haina model can be used as a typical model to drive and connect with farmers by leading agricultural enterprises in different development stages. Furthermore, it is proposed to strengthen the institutional construction of governance system, pay attention to the training and reserve of technical personnel and accelerate the rational distribution of the upstream and downstream industrial chains.
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