文章摘要
陈端妮 1 ,叶小玲 1,2,胡晓敏 1,2,梁 荣 2,朱 军 2,叶超宏 1 ,冯钦钊 3,陈红锋 4.不同混合基质对钟花樱容器苗生长的影响[J].广东农业科学,2021,48(2):50-55
查看全文    HTML 不同混合基质对钟花樱容器苗生长的影响
Effects of Different Mixed Substrates on the Growth of Cerasus campanulata Container Seedlings
  
DOI:10.16768/j.issn.1004-874X.2021.02.007
中文关键词: 钟花樱  容器苗  混合基质  生长指标
英文关键词: Cerasus campanulata  container seedling  mixed substrate  growth index
基金项目:广州市民生科技攻关计划项目(201903010055);清远市科技计划项目(DZXQY013);广州市农村科技特派员项目(GZKTP201911)
作者单位
陈端妮 1 ,叶小玲 1,2,胡晓敏 1,2,梁 荣 2,朱 军 2,叶超宏 1 ,冯钦钊 3,陈红锋 4 1. 广州天适集团有限公司广东 广州 5103352. 英德市旺地樱花种植有限公司广东 英德 513000 3. 广东天适樱花悠乐园有限公司广东 广州 5109204. 中国科学院华南植物园广东 广州 510650 
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中文摘要:
      【目的】以 1 年生钟花樱实生苗为材料,探究不同混合基质对钟花樱容器苗生长的影响,并筛选 出合适的基质组合。【方法】设置 5 种由育苗圃园土、泥炭土、椰糠和珍珠岩组成的混合基质,比较各组合的 钟花樱容器苗存活率和生长指标。【结果】园土 + 珍珠岩、泥炭土 + 珍珠岩、椰糠 + 珍珠岩、园土 + 椰糠 + 珍 珠岩等 4 个混合基质组合间对钟花樱容器苗的地径、株高、分枝长度和冠幅影响无显著差异,其中椰糠 + 珍 珠岩组合的钟花樱容器苗移栽 1 年后存活率仅 66.7%,显著低于其他组合(≥ 80%);园土 + 泥炭土 + 珍珠 岩组合的钟花樱容器苗移栽 1 年后存活率达 100%,其地径、株高、分枝长度和冠幅分别平均增长 5.63 mm、 105.46 cm、68.61 cm 和 70.00 cm,显著高于其他处理。【结论】通过模糊隶属函数分析方法评价,在设置的试 验环境下,1 年生钟花樱容器苗的最佳混合基质组合为 V 园土∶ V 泥炭土∶ V 珍珠岩 = 1 ∶ 1 ∶ 1。
英文摘要:
      【Objective】In order to screen out a suitable mixed substrate, study on the effects of different mixed substrates on Cerasus campanulata cortainer seedling was carried out by using the one-year-old seedling as material. 【Method】The study set up five kinds of mixed substrates consisting of nursery soil, peat soil, coir dust and perlite, and compared survival rate and growth indexes of C. campanulata container seedlings.【Result】Four mixed substrate combinations(nursery soil + perlite, peat soil + perlite, coir dust + perlite and nursery soil + coir dust + perlite)had no significant different effects on the ground diameter, plant height, branchlet length and crown width of C. campanulata container seedlings, but the survival rate of C. campanulata after being transplanted for one year under coir dust + perlite treatment was only 66.7%, significantly lower than that of other combinations( ≥ 80%). The survival rate of C. campanulata container seedlings treated with “nursery soil + peat soil + perlite” was up to 100%. After one year of transplanting, the ground diameter, plant height, branchlet length and crown width of C. campanulata container seedlings increased by 5.63 mm, 105.46 cm, 68.61 cm and 70.00 cm, which were significantly higher than those of other treatments. 【Conclusion】According to the evaluation of fuzzy membership function analysis method of under the experimental environment, the best mixed substrate for the one-year-old container seedlings of C. campanulata is V nursery soil : V peat soil : V perlite = 1:1:1.
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