文章摘要
郭 洁 1,刘少隆 1,2,周新桥 1,陈达刚 1,陈 可 1,叶婵娟 1,李逸翔 1,3,刘传光 1,陈友订 1.水稻籼粳杂种不育性的遗传机理及杂种优势利用[J].广东农业科学,2022,49(9):53-65
查看全文    HTML 水稻籼粳杂种不育性的遗传机理及杂种优势利用
Genetic Mechanism of Hybrid Sterility and Utilization of Indica-japonica Inter-subspecific Heterosis in Rice
  
DOI:10.16768/j.issn.1004-874X.2022.09.006
中文关键词: 籼粳分化  杂种不育  杂种优势  广亲和系  粳型亲籼系
英文关键词: indica-japonica divergence  hybrid sterility  heterosis  wide-compatible line  indica-compatible japonica line
基金项目:广州市科技计划项目(201904010350);广东省自然科学基金(2018A030313867);广东省农业科学院科技创新战略专项资金(高水平农科院建设)- 人才项目(R2019PY-QF007)
作者单位
郭 洁 1,刘少隆 1,2,周新桥 1,陈达刚 1,陈 可 1,叶婵娟 1,李逸翔 1,3,刘传光 1,陈友订 1 1. 广东省农业科学院水稻研究所 / 广东省水稻育种新技术重点实验室 / 广东省水稻工程实验室 /农业农村部华南优质稻遗传育种重点实验室广东 广州 5106402. 仲恺农业工程学院农业与生物学院广东 广州 5102253. 广东海洋大学滨海农业学院广东 湛江 524088 
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中文摘要:
      籼稻和粳稻是亚洲栽培稻的两个亚种,两者在形态、生理以及基因水平上存在显著差异,亚种间的遗传差异将会产生强大的杂种优势,能进一步提高水稻的产量潜力,但是,籼粳亚种间的 F1 杂种不育性严重阻碍了杂种优势的利用。杂种不育性是一种合子后生殖隔离,具有普遍性和复杂性,受多个不育基因座控制。广亲和品种的发现为克服亚种间杂种不育提供可能,该材料无论与籼稻还是粳稻杂交,F1 杂种都能正常结实或结实率较高。概述了籼稻与粳稻间差异,剖析了水稻籼粳亚种间杂种不育的遗传基础、已鉴定的杂种不育主效QTL 与基因,分析了已克隆杂种不育基因的分子作用机制及广亲和基因的功能。据此提出利用籼粳架桥培育亚种间渗入水稻、聚合育种培育广亲和系和粳型亲籼系,以及应用基因编辑技术创制广亲和系等途径,能够克服籼粳亚种间杂种不育性,精准化改良籼粳杂种的结实率,从而实现亚种间杂种优势的利用。籼粳亚种间杂交水稻的推广应用,将会推动水稻产业的又一次重大变革。
英文摘要:
      Asian-cultivated rice (Oryza sativa L.) consists of two subspecies, indica (Oryza sativa L. indica) and japonica (Oryza sativa L. japonica) subspecies. There are considerable differences between them in morphology, physiology and gene level. The stronger heterosis generated by the genetic differences between inter-subspecies could improve the yield potential of rice. However, the application of heterosis in indica-japonica subspecies is limited because of the serious hybrid sterility in F1 hybrid. Hybrid sterility, a common form of postzygotic reproductive isolation, is universal and complex, controlled by multiple hybrid sterility loci. The discovery of wide-compatible varieties (WCVs) provides the possibility to overcome interspecific hybrid sterility as the F1 hybrids show normal fertility whether WCVs crossed with indica or japonica rice. In this paper, we summarize the indica-japonica divergence, the genetic basis of hybrid sterility in indica-japonica subspecies, the identified hybrid sterility QTL and genes, and analyze the molecular mechanisms of the cloned hybrid sterility genes and the function of wide-compatible genes. On this basis, we propose four approaches to overcome inter-subspecific hybrid sterility, and improve the fertility of indica-japonica F1 hybrids precisely, including breeding inter-subspecific introgression rice, developing indica-compatible japonica lines and wide-compatible lines, and creating wide-compatible genes by gene editing technology. The application of indica-japonica hybrid rice will promote a major change in rice industry.
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