文章摘要
涂从勇,刘婉卿,陆秀明,陈志远,陈荣彬,李惠芬,何秀英.加强水稻品种选育,助推种业创新发展——广东省农业科学院水稻研究所科企合作探索与实践[J].广东农业科学,2022,49(9):180-188
查看全文    HTML 加强水稻品种选育,助推种业创新发展——广东省农业科学院水稻研究所科企合作探索与实践
Strengthen the Rice Variety Breeding and Promote the Innovative Development of Seed Industry —Exploration and Practice of Science and Enterprise Cooperation of Rice Research Institute, Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences
  
DOI:10.16768/j.issn.1004-874X.2022.09.019
中文关键词: 品种选育  种业创新  科企合作  种子企业  广东丝苗米  稻米品牌
英文关键词: variety breeding  seed industry innovation  science and enterprise cooperation  seed enterprise  Guangdong Simiao Rice  rice brand
基金项目:广东省农业农村厅省级乡村振兴战略专项(2022KJ105);广州市基础与应用基础研究项目(9202201011834)
作者单位
涂从勇,刘婉卿,陆秀明,陈志远,陈荣彬,李惠芬,何秀英 广东省农业科学院水稻研究所 / 广东省水稻育种新技术重点实验室 / 广东省水稻工程实验室 /农业农村部华南优质稻遗传育种重点实验室广东 广州 510640 
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中文摘要:
      作为省内唯一一家专门从事水稻研究的省级科研机构,广东省农业科学院水稻研究所在水稻矮化育种、优质常规稻育种、杂交稻育种和超级稻育种等水稻育种研究方面取得巨大成就,育成一大批水稻品种通过各级品种审定,培育一批重要亲本材料被种业同行广泛应用,一批优秀品种在我国南方籼稻区大面积推广应用,为南方稻区乃至全国水稻种业发展和国家粮食安全做出重大贡献,奠定了“中国籼稻,广东种芯”的地位。2011 年以来,随着《国务院关于加快推进现代农作物种业发展的意见》(国发〔2011〕8 号)等文件的相继实施,科研院所和高等院校在杂交稻品种区试指标等商业化育种方面逐步受到限制。为适应新的形势,广东水稻所通过品种转让、委托育种和技术服务等形式加强科企合作,寻求与紧贴市场、推广能力强的种子企业合作,发挥各自优势共同开展品种转化和推广,并取得较好成效。培育壮大了一批种子企业,促进一批品种在生产上大规模应用,推动了水稻科技创新和种业发展。并就未来水稻育种和科企合作主攻方向进行了分析展望。
英文摘要:
      As the only provincial-level scientific research institution specializing in rice research, the Rice Research Institute (RRI) of Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences has made great achievements in the researched of rice breeding, such as breeding for dwarf rice, high-quality conventional rice breeding, hybrid rice breeding and super rice breeding. It has cultivated numerous rice varieties approved through all levels of inspection, including a batch of important parent materials widely applied by the seed industry peers, and a number of outstanding indica rice varieties widely used in southern China. It has made major contributions to the development of the rice seed industry in southern rice regions and even the whole country and the national food security, and has established the status of“China Indica Rice, Guangdong Seed Core”. Since 2011, with the implementation of the Opinions of The State Council on Accelerating the Development of Modern Crop Seed Industry (state issue〔2011〕No. 8) and other documents, scientific research institutes and universities have gradually been restricted in commercial breeding researches, such as regional test indicators for hybrid rice varieties. In a bid to adapt to the new situation, the RRI strengthens the cooperation between science and technology and enterprise through the transfer of varieties, entrusted breeding and technical services so as to seek collaboration with seed enterprises which owns strong promotion ability and is close to the market, and these enterprises play their respective advantages to jointly carry out variety transformation and promotion, and good results are achieved. It has fostered and developed a number of seed enterprises, promoted the large-scale application of a batch of varieties in production, and enhanced the scientific and technological innovation of rice and the development of the seed industry. In addition, the main direction of rice breeding and the cooperation between science and enterprise in the future is analyzed.
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