文章摘要
王 丰,柳武革,黄慧君,朱满山,李金华,廖亦龙,付崇允,刘迪林,曾学勤,马晓智,霍 兴,孔 乐.抗白叶枯病弱感光型杂交稻恢复系广恢 1002 的选育与应用[J].广东农业科学,2022,49(9):74-83
查看全文    HTML 抗白叶枯病弱感光型杂交稻恢复系广恢 1002 的选育与应用
Breeding and Application of Restorer Guanghui 1002 with Weak Photoperiod Sensitivity and Bacterial Blight Resistance in Hybrid Rice
  
DOI:10.16768/j.issn.1004-874X.2022.09.008
中文关键词: 杂交稻  弱感光  恢复系  抗白叶枯病  分子标记辅助选择  育种
英文关键词: hybrid rice  weak sensitivity to photoperiod  restorer line  bacterial blight resistance  molecular markerassisted selection  breeding
基金项目:广东省科技计划项目(2022B0202060002);国家现代农业产业技术体系建设专项资金(CARSRice);广东省农业科学院农业优势产业学科团队建设项目(202101TD);广东省学科类重点实验室运行经费项目(2020B1212060047)
作者单位
王 丰,柳武革,黄慧君,朱满山,李金华,廖亦龙,付崇允,刘迪林,曾学勤,马晓智,霍 兴,孔 乐 广东省农业科学院水稻研究所 / 广东省水稻育种新技术重点实验室 / 广东省水稻工程实验室 /农业农村部华南优质稻遗传育种重点实验室广东 广州 510640 
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中文摘要:
      培育和推广抗病抗逆性强的弱感光型迟熟水稻品种,对于充分发挥华南稻区中南部晚造后期良好的光温资源优势提高晚稻产量和品质具有十分重要的意义。综合利用常规育种与分子育种技术,将显性广谱抗白叶枯病基因 Xa7 和互作感光基因 LP1(LH2)、LP2(LH2)聚合至恢复系中,培育出具有互作感光特性的抗白叶枯病迟熟恢复系广恢 1002。利用该恢复系组配育成的吉丰优 1002、泰优 1002 等 7 个抗白叶枯病迟熟高产杂交稻通过国家或省级品种审定。其中,吉丰优 1002 不仅高产稳产,而且抗病、抗倒性强,适应性广,被农业农村部认定为超级稻,是广东省农业主导品种,已连续 5 年成为华南地区年推广面积最大的弱感光型品种;泰优 1002 米质优,在第三届全国优质稻品种食味鉴评中获金奖,已大面积推广应用,也是广东省农业主导品种。针对广恢 1002 系列杂交稻的特征特性,制订其在广东和海南的高产制种技术措施,创造了吉丰优 1002 在海南制种 4.59~4.97 t/hm2 的高产制种记录。探讨了抗白叶枯病杂交稻的育种策略和提高互作感光型迟熟恢复系选育效率的方法。
英文摘要:
      It is of significance to develop and promote late-maturing rice varieties with weak sensitivity to photoperiod for bringing the potential of light and temperature resources into full play at the late growing stage, and enhancing the yield and the grain quality of rice in the late cropping season in South China. By using both traditional breeding and molecular marker-assisted selection to pyramid Xa7, the dominant and wide-spectrum resistant gene of bacterial blight, LP1(LH1) and LP2 (LH2), the complementary gene inducing photoperiod sensitivity, a late-maturing restorer line Guanghui 1002 (R1002) with bacterial blight resistance and the characteristic of weak sensitivity to photoperiod induced by gene interaction. And seven late-maturing high yielding hybrid rice varieties, such as Jifengyou 1002 and Taiyou 1002 derived from the restorer line R1002, were developed and approved for commercial production at national level or provincial level. Among them, Jifengyou 1002 not only had high and stable yield, but also had strong diseases and lodging resistance and wide adaptability. It was recognized by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs as a Super Rice variety and the leading agricultural variety in Guangdong Province, and has been the weakly photoperiod-sensitive variety with the largest annual planting area for 5 consecutive years in South China. Taiyou 1002 had fine grain quality, and won the gold prize in the third national taste evaluation of high-quality rice varieties. It also has been widely grown in South China, and became a leading variety in Guangdong Province. Based on the characteristics of the R1002-derived hybrid rice varieties, the high-yield seed production techniques in Guangdong and Hainan were worked out, and a record of 4.59-4.97 t/hm2 of seed production was created for Jifengyou 1002 in Hainan. Strategies for breeding hybrid rice varieties with bacterial blight resistance and enhancing the efficiency of breeding restorer lines with photoperiod sensitivity and longer growth duration were discussed.
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